February 2005

Blackheath Village Society


Wonersh Parish Council

Blackheath Village Traffic Calming

Blackheath is a small village of about 100 households in the north east corner of the Borough of Waverley. It lies approximately 5 miles south east of Guildford.

It is within the Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) and is accessible by road only along 3 narrow lanes that for a number of sections are single-track with passing places. These lanes are Littleford Lane from the Shamley Green direction, Sample Oak Lane from Chilworth and Blackheath Lane from Wonersh. Many footpaths/bridleways meet these lanes and walkers and horse riders must use the lanes to reach the start of other public rights of way. The national speed limit of 60mph applies to these lanes and through the village.

Efforts to obtain a reduction in this limit go back many years. Minutes of Wonersh Parish Council in 1975 record …. "A traffic count would be taken in Blackheath by the County Highways following complaints by the Parish Council about speeding traffic through the village." Nothing became of this and little if any progress was made over the next 20 years or so. It was clear from data collected in the 1998 Village Appraisal that concern amongst residents remained at a high level with 81% of respondents identifying that speeding traffic was a problem.

In 2002, encouraged by a presentation from the Project Manager of the Surrey Hills AONB Partnership to Blackheath Village Society, the Chairman of the Society and the Blackheath Ward Councillor for Wonersh Parish joined forces to see how a traffic calming project could be advanced. From a number of discussions there emerged a clear view that the first steps should be full consultation with residents about their concerns together with their views on a range of possible traffic calming measures. A questionnaire was distributed to all households and the return rate was over 70%. A strong theme that emerged was that while residents believed that calming measures were vital, these should not be of the kind that would suburbanise the appearance of the village.

It is known that residents’ perceptions of vehicle speeds can be inaccurate and it was therefore decided to commission APS Ltd to set up automated data collection points at each of the "entrances" to the village in Blackheath, Littleford and Sample Oak Lanes. These recorded traffic data for 24 hours a day from 17–24 June 2003. Results indicated large volumes of vehicle movements for such minor roads (the designation of Blackheath Lane is the D211), an increase of average speeds in the morning and afternoon ‘peak’ hours and some very high speeds in the late evening.

The results of the questionnaire and data collection were presented to a residents meeting later in 2003 together with a number of proposals for further development of the project. The meeting agreed that new village entrance signs, road narrowing at these points and an advisory speed limit of 20mph should form the initial stages of the project. Mike Richardson, a consultant to Surrey Hills AONB, contributed valuable advice to this meeting.

Early in 2004, the co-ordination of the project was formalised and a joint-working party set up by Wonersh Parish Council and Blackheath Village Society which co-opted Mike Richardson. This group met several times during the next months in order to devise and finalise a number of visuals of various possible schemes. Members of the working party were aware from their own observations that a number of local residents themselves drove too fast for the road conditions. This view was supported by evidence from the Police who had carried out checks on the B2128 nearby in Wonersh. A Safer Drivers scheme that had been set up in Mayfield East Sussex, whereby all residents were asked to sign a ‘pledge’ to drive more slowly in the narrow lanes and to give greater consideration to walkers, cyclists and horse riders, was examined by the working party and, in consultation with the Project Manager of Surrey Hills AONB, a decision was taken to adapt it for Blackheath. This, a screen sticker and visuals were presented to a further residents’ meeting. The pledge scheme was enthusiastically adopted and specific designs for the village signs agreed.

A feedback questionnaire reinforced the views previously expressed on the importance of the calming measures being appropriate to the rural setting of the village.

The project has reached the stage where the working party believe they have gained a clear view of what Blackheath residents would like to see implemented. The objectives are :

Funding towards the costs of the village signs and possibly the road narrowing has been granted by Wonersh Parish Council, Blackheath Village Society and Surrey County Councillor Dr A Povey.

Advice and assistance are now being sought from Surrey County Council to help advance this project to the practical implementation stages.




Joint-working party for Blackheath Traffic Calming Project

Blackheath Village Society/Wonersh Parish Council

Nick Morris (Chairman)

Paul Brodie

Athar Shareef

Richard Bawden

Peter Barlow

Anne Powell-Evans: Clerk to Wonersh Parish Council

Richard Williams: Secretary to Blackheath Village Society


Schematic of Blackheath to show lanes, footpaths/bridleways and surrounding main roads

Note, for example, that the footpath from the village to & from Wonersh entails using a section of Blackheath Lane which is single track with high banks and no verges.

Residents’ survey

From the questionnaires returned, these key elements were identified:


Traffic data collection by APS - 17th to 24th June 2003

Data collection : 00.00 Tuesday 17 June to 00.00 Tuesday 24 June 2003

The sites : Blackheath Lane, Littleford Lane and Sample Oak Lane.

Data gives 1 hour summaries for :

Direction of travel

Total number of vehicles counted in time period

Cumulative total of vehicles

Number of vehicles between 30 & 35 mph (30.0-34.9)

Mean speed

Minimum speed

Maximum speed

Number of vehicles exceeding posted speed limit (30mph) – not applicable*

Percentage of vehicles exceeding posted speed limit (30mph) – not applicable*

85th percentile speed

(*not applicable because national speed limit of 60mph applies to Blackheath, Littleford and Sample Oak Lanes)

For each of the above, data on the number of vehicles in the following classes :

Class 1 : bicycles and motorcycles

Class 2 : cars & vans without trailers

Class 3 : cars & vans towing trailers

Class 4 : HGV/bus 2-axle rigid

Class 5 : HGV/bus 3-axle rigid

Class 6 : HGV 4-axle rigid

Class 7 : HGV 3-axle articulated

Class 8 : HGV 4-axle articulated

Class 9 : HGV 5-axle articulated

Class 10 : HGV 6-axle articulated

Class 11 : HGV 6-axle comprising two trailers

Class 12 : HGV 7-axle articulated comprising two trailers

Full data is available on request.


Safe Lanes Driver Scheme

84 residents have signed pledge forms

(February 2005)

Existing village entry sign & road width

Proposed new village entry signs and road narrowing

Signs to be made from oak to match ‘Surrey Hills AONB marker’ signs. Black lettering on white background, possibly of slightly reflective material.

Road narrowing in natural materials. This visual shows right hand verge only is widened but this is subject to final consultation with the nearby residents.



Examples of the type of road calming measures that Blackheath residents believe are not suitable for a rural environment and would suburbanise the village